Potassium iodate is an ionic chemical compound that with an equal ratio of K+ and IO3- ions. Since it is an oxidising agent it can cause fire if it comes in contact with reducing agent or combustible materials. It is majorly used for iodizing of table salt through the process of iodisation. Iodine deficiency is the major cause of preventable mental retardation around the world therefore certain derivative of iodine such as potassium iodate is added to table salt in small quantity to provide a stable source of iodine in daily diet. It is also used as dietary iodine and is even added in some formula milk for babies. It is used in animal food products as well as in prevention of certain diseases in animals.
Similar to the application of potassium bromate, potassium iodate is used in baking as maturing agent. Potassium iodate is most importantly used in the protection from radioactive radiation. It is used to avoid accumulation of radioactive iodine in the thyroid by introducing the body with enough source of iodine so as to saturate the body with it prior to exposure.
Potassium iodate is also used in pharmaceuticals in production and preparation of antiseptics, disinfectants and deodorants.
Colour : White
Solubility in water : Slightly soluble
Texture : Crystalline
Form : Powder
Content of Iodine : 62%
|CAS No. : 12027-06-4||EC No. : 231-831-9|
|Molecular Weight : 214.001 g/mol||Molecular Formula : KIO3|
|Appearance||White Crystalline Powder|
|Melting Point||560°C (Decomposes)|
|Solubility in Water||9.16 g/100 mL (25 °C)|
|Also known as||Iodate de potassium, Kaliumiodat|