Iodine is the heaviest and the rarest of stable halogens that can be found on the crust of earth. Iodine is mostly used in nutrition. About fifty percent of all iodine produces and manufactured worldwide is used to form Organoiodine compounds.
Iodine deficiency in human body is the number one cause of preventable mental retardation and thyroid problems. Certain regions and especially coastal regions have iodine naturally in the soil. But it is rare in most of the Earth’s surface. Therefore iodine is added in small quantities in salt to provide the body with the much needed iodine. Generally, Potassium iodide or Potassium iodate is added to table/common salt, in order to prevent problems caused by iodine deficiency.
Iodine has several applications other than iodization of salt. It has a plethora of industrial as well as medical applications and is also used to provide nutrition to animals. The importance of application of iodine varies and some of the major uses of iodine derivatives are in colourants, dyes and pigments, animal nutrition products, catalysts, stabilizers, disinfectants and antiseptics, pharmaceutical, and photography. Samrat Pharmachem Limited is a leading Iodine derivatives manufacturer in India.
|CAS No. : 7553 – 56 – 2||EC No. : 231-442-4|
|Molecular Weight : 253.81 g·mol−1||Molecular Formula : I2|
|Appearance||Nearly black solid|
|Density||4.93 g / cm3|
|Melting Point||114 0C|
|Solubility in Water||29 mg per 100 ml|
|Also known as||Diiodan, Jood, molecular iodine|